Black Actresses win an Academy Award for Stereotypical role

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The Oscars ceremony will be held on February 28 in the US. This ceremony aims to reward “excellence in the cinema industry” and yet, numerous protests are being held regarding the absence of black actors nominated. Finding a job in Hollywood is not easy for them, the movie industry prefers black actors to play in servile, demeaning and vulnerable roles. Blacks who play leading and strong roles are rarely recognised. They may be nominated for an Oscar, but rarely win.  African-American actresses, in particular, win an Oscar for stereotypical roles that have long been associated (and still are) to  black women.

Hattie McDaniel – The Mammy

autant en emporte le vent gone with the wind 1939 réal : Victor Fleming Vivien Leigh Hattie Mc Daniel Collection Christophel

In 1939, Hattie McDaniel was the first black actress to win an Oscar for “Gone With the Wind”, playing a slave called “Mammy.” In the film, Mammy is a slave who works in the home of the O’Hara family. One of her main responsibilities is to take care of the girls, especially of Scarlett O’Hara. This image of black women as overweight obedient servants who love, nurture, and are loyal to White people is common in American society. This is one of the images that shaped the image whites waiting black women today. Between 1890 and 1920, the mammies have appeared in books, magazines, advertising and films, on restaurant menus and cookbooks, and for a variety of products such as salt and cookie jars.

hattie daniel oscar 1939

The mammies history as protective faithful of white children were important in the southern United States and much attention has been paid to their bodies, such as the big chest descriptions and fats as a source comfort and support.

The role of “Mammy” is a stereotype that depicts African-American women as a servant figure, which reflects the female slaves in the South before the war. Mammy figures were obese, dark skin, kind of women who had desexualised..

 

Whoopi Goldberg – the  voodoo priestess con

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Whoopi Goldberg won an Oscar for Ghost in 1990 playing Oda Mae Brown, a psychic scam whose purpose is to support a white couple and entertain the audience with sass talk.

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I do not criticize anything Whoopi Goldberg is one of my favorite actresses and her performance in this film was masterful. But the comic features and character trickery reflects the historical stereotype of African Americans. This stereotype is the most degrading of all black stereotypes ruling African Americans as a figure of the clown.

Halle Berry- the Jezebel

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In 2001, Halle Berry become the first African-American actress to win the Oscar for best actress . In Monster’s Ball, Halle Berry plays the role of Leticia, an alcoholic, poor, and wife of a murderer sentenced to the death penalty.

Also, I do not think that Halle Berry deserved the Oscars, her performance was far worse than that other competitors. But I also wonder why such excellent actresses Dorothy Dandridge and Angela Bassett who were both nominated were not rewarded. Has she won the gold statue because of post-September 11 effect? Or because she embodies the “Jezebel”,  a stereotype  that depicts Black women as promiscuous and over-sexualized temptresses.

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This stereotype was created during slavery. It was common for women slaves to be raped during that time, and the men needed to validate their action. They began to label these women as women of easy virtue, allowing justify their act not as a rape because the latter wanted this sexual act and deserved it.

In the film, the character of Halle Berry has sex with a white racist prison guard who supervised the execution of her husband. This is by far one of the crudest sexual scenes of American cinema.

Actress Angela Bassett, turned down the role of Leticia, in an interview she said: “I was not going to prostitute myself in a movie I could not do that because it’s a stereotype about black women and their sexuality.”

Jennifer Hudson – the angry black woman

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In 2006, Jennifer Hudson won the Oscar for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her portrayal of Effie White in the musical film and drawn on a true story Dreamgirls. Effie White was the leader and the best singer of her group, a sassy woman with a strong personality and diva attitudes. 

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Early in the film, the character Hudson may be seen as someone who was very assertive, argumentative and defensive, reflecting the stereotype of the “SAPHYRE” knew today as the angry black woman . At the end of the film, viewers realize that Effie was the desire to take control of her own destiny and identity. Her anger and frustration were fed because she was a victim of discrimination because her physical appearance did not meet a white dominant idea.

Mo’Nique – the “welfare queen”

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In 2009, Mo’Nique won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of Mary Lee Johnston in the film Precious. Mary is an unemployed mother who lives on social benefits.She embodies an abusive and lazy mother who is proud to belittle her child. Refusing to let anyone or anything, affect hereligibility to receive government assistance for her..

mo'nique academy award

Octavia Spencer – The maid

THE HELP

Octavia Spencer won the Oscar for a supporting actress for the role Minny Jackson, a maid outspoken in “the Help”. Although Spencer’s performance is masterful, I can still note that African American are recognized in Hollywood only when they play demeaning roles

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Lupita Nyon’go – L’esclave

lupita nyong'o 12 years as a slave

In 2014, Lupita Nyong’o wins the Oscar for best supporting actress for the role of a slave abused by her master. For the first time in cinema, Lupita showed the horror of what female slaves lived. She was not the main character but she stole the show.

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In this role, Lupita is extremely vulnerable and desperate. It is frequently raped and boost to the point of losing consciousness. The scenes are shocking and hard to watch. But Hollywood prefers this kind of servile characters for black people.

Why white reward black actresses for this kinds of roles. Is it a way to consolidates them in their idea of racial superiority? Do they feel threatened to see black actors with dominant or rewarding role.You just need to see the reaction of some white to Beyonce clip Formation to wonder if this is not the real case.

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